Various competitive exams are being conducted by the UPSC for recruitment to the posts of Inspector, Clerk, Supervisor etc. for the Government of India departments like Railway, Income Tax, Revenue, Account-Audit, Customs and Central Excise etc. and of the State Governments. However, for recruitment of Administrative Officer in all these departments, the best of the tests – i.e. toughest examination amongst all the exams in India is the Civil Services Examination which we call as IAS exam.
By clearing this examination, one can achieve dignified positions in various service cadres like
It is pertinent to note that it was late Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel who played a key role for starting such an exam.
In North Indian States, candidates start preparations for IAS exam while they are in Standard-10. At the time of their graduation, they are equally busy with reading, discussions etc. for civil services examination so as to succeed in civil service examination after graduation. In several Universities of Delhi, number of young boys and girls come with ambition to become IAS and burning midnight oil for preparations of IAS exams. There are good study materials also available here for preparation and they have environment for preparation for this exam. This is the reason why Delhi is called Kashi for IAS aspirants.
Preliminary examination of Union Public Service Commission usually conducted in the month of May every year for filling up vacant posts of civil services cadres. Those who succeed in this test, get qualified for writing the main test and thereafter, for interview. Main test is to be conducted during the month of December after preliminary test is conducted where number of candidates participating would be 13-time more than the number of vacancies. For 1,000 vacancies, approximately 5,00,000 candidates will attempt the test. To appear for this test, age limit is 21 to 30 years, Graduation degree or those who are appearing for their final degree examinations during 2015, which is the basic qualification. The Civil Services Main Examination will have seven question papers this year instead of nine papers. Further, marks of personal interview have been reduced to 275 from 300. Earlier, there were two papers for general studies, however, there were four henceforth which will be of 250 marks each. Instead of two optional papers, now there will be only one.
Question paper of preliminary test of 200 marks will contain 200 Multiple Choice based questions, which will be in two langagues – Hindi and English. However, Hindi translation will not be provided in English section’s passage. There will be negative marking of 0.33 marks for each wrong answer. So far as the main exam is concerned, the question papers of 2075 marks will contain questions covering subjects of general studies, English comprehension, two optional subjects and personality test; written tests of 1800 marks and personality test for 275 marks.
In 1950, 24,680 candidates attempted for UPSC examination whereas during 2011, this number was 21,02,131. In 1951, only 9867 candidates could reach upto stage of interview whereas 15,303 candidates succeeded to reach upto interview stage in 2011.
Civil Service examination is mainly divided into two stages:
In Preliminary Examination, multi-choice objective type questions are there wherein question paper of Aptitude Test is for 200 marks and question paper of General Knowledge is of 200 marks. Thus, preliminary examination is for 400 marks. Preliminary examination is just a screening test. The marks obtained in the examination are not considered for merit list preparation. The main object of preliminary examination is to examine standard of the candidate. For writing main exam, passing the preliminary test is a must.
Main examination is divided in two stages:
For written examination, there are 9 question papers containing descriptive type questions. The candidates who have scored marks as stipulated by the UPSC, are called for the personal interviews. Accordingly, suppose recruitment is to be made of 500 candidates, the number of candidates being called for personal interview are 1000 to 1500.
Out of 9 descriptive type question papers, the candidate has to just qualify in papers of Indian language and English language. Interview (oral test) is for 300 marks. Final Merit list of successful candidates is being prepared by summing up marks obtained by the candidates in written test and personal interview. The candidates appearing in this merit list are allocated, in order of their seniority in merit list, to different services.
There is one optional paper in Preliminary Examination and two optional papers in Main Examination, selection of which is required to be made in advance and as a part of preparation for the same, the subject which you are going to learn in college should be selected as optional in the civil service examination.
For preparation of general studies, procure English guide published by any of standard publication house of Delhi and text books of Standard 10 to 12 (CBSE) of the subjects – history, geography, civics, constitution, general science, freedom struggle.
Marks scored in prelims exam are not though being considered in merit of main examination, it is unavoidable to qualify for writing the main exam. Therefore, it is more beneficial if micro-level reading and sound preparation of general studies and optional is completed during the college studies only.
Through interview, attempt is being made to ascertain qualities of candidates including sincerity, attitude towards civil service examination and self-confidence, intelligence, ability to take quick decisions, discretion etc. In civil services, post of Administrator is there at appropriate level.
UPSC has allowed the candidates to write the civil service exam in any one of the Indian languages included in Eighth Schedule of Constitution of India. Therefore, students from Gujarat can write exam in Gujarati language. Most of the students are under impression and belief since long that only those who knows English very well can become IAS or IPS. Therefore, now students of Gujarati medium need not to be disappointed and they can also success by following proper preparation schedule.
Recently, important structural change has been introduced from the year 2012-13 so far as civil service exam is concerned. Now, negative marking system has been introduced for objective questions being asked in preliminary exam of Civil Services exam. One-third mark will be deducted now for every wrong answer. Therefore, those tick the answers merely on the basis of memory or guess shall be now at disadvantage. Those who have in fact imbibed the subject and reading and whose maximum number of answers are correct, shall get place in the merit.
Indian Citizenship is must for the candidate of Indian Administrative Service and Indian Police Service. For rest of cadres, candidate should contact UPSC.
The candidate should be more than 21 years or age or less than 30 years, the base for which shall be 1st of August of respective year. Relaxation of five years in upper age limit is granted for the candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe and 3 years for Other Backward Class category candidates.
Minimum educational qualification:
Candidate should have obtained degree of graduate from any of the University so established by the Government of India or State Government.
Number of attempts permissible:
Every candidate has maximum four attempts to clear civil service examination. There is not limit for number of attempts for candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe. For candidates of Other Backward Class category, maximum number of attempts allowed is 7. Meaning thereby, candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe can appear for examination for the number of attempts they wish upto age of 35 years whereas candidates of Other Backward Class category can make maximum seven attempts till age of 33 years.
What is needed is to identify your quiescent strengths within you. As has been said by Ruskin, even the weakest person has been gifted by God with some distinguished strength. Need is to just identify yourself. "If you can not love a person whom you see, than how can you love yourself whom you never seen."
Sardar Patel Institute of Public Administration
email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Opp. ISRO, Jodhpur-Satellite Road, Ahmedabad.
IAS Coaching Centers
email : email@example.com
Vajirao and Ravi Institute for Civil Services Examination, 79, Old Rajendra Nagar Market, Delhi.
Shri Ram IAS
Ujjawal IAS Academy
B-18, Top Floor, Satija House, Dr.Mukerjee Nagar, New Delhi 11009.
O.P.Singh IAS Academy
B-13, 1st floor, Meerut Sweet Shop, Dr.Mukerjee Nagar, New Delhi-110009.
Classic IAS Academy
UG 33-34, Ansal Chamber-1, Bhikaji Cama Place, New Delhi 110066
email : firstname.lastname@example.org
219, Ground Floor, Sector-15-A, Punjab University Road, Chandigarh.
Lakshya IAS Study Circle
email : email@example.com
SCO 21, T.F., Sector 36-D, Chandigarh.